Human Rights: Stateless Rroma, no documents - no rights

Posted by : Radu Oprea
Country : Romania
Date : 20.08.2010
Profession : Economist
From : SMART Development Center Romania
Target institution : European Commission, European Parliament, European Council
Problem status :

“Tens of thousands of Roma live in Europe without a nationality. Lacking birth certificates, identity cards, passports and other documents, they are often denied basic rights such as education or health care” said the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Thomas Hammarberg.

“This problem exists in many countries in Europe, but it is particularly acute in the Western Balkans where restrictive citizenship rules have been adopted. In Slovenia, thousands of people, a considerable number of them Roma, were erased from the registry of permanent residents in 1992, while in Serbia and Croatia, Roma who seek regularization often face complicated administrative procedures and excessive fees.” Furthermore, conflicts worsened the situation. “Many Roma from Kosovo were forced to flee for their lives, and documents were lost, destroyed or displaced. With lower levels of education and a problem of missing papers it was all the more difficult for many of them to acquire the documents necessary for life and rights in hosting countries.” States should also refrain from policies that worsen the situation. “

The right to a nationality is a basic human right, enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It amounts to a ‘right to have rights’ and must be enforced – for everyone - with much more energy and determination than has been the case so far.” Even with papers, France expelled nearly 100 Rroma, to their native Romania.

What can be done to solve the situation?

New: The European Parliament urged France and other EU states to immediately suspend the expulsion of gypsies / A EU strategy is called for.

Solutions received from citizens

Bardhyl Metkamberi

Bardhyl Metkamberi, Kosovo, Project Officer (09.01.2012)

It is true that there is problem of Roma in Europe, maybe in the world. I think for this solution, every government of the state where Roma lives (with possibilities) to build any factory for them, where they can work and integrate in social life.
I think for the factory because any member of them can work and will provide family basic needs and of course this will get habit for them because they will create something from them and of course in the future they will be proud of it.
So, making projects to for finding job for them is the best way where they can find their selfe in the society and of course, than they will know that some of their needs for state are useful if they want to be part or citizens of it.
Dimitar Peev; Atanas Mihlev; Denitsa Karakocheva; Desislava Dodeva

Dimitar Peev; Atanas Mihlev; Denitsa Karakocheva; Desislava Dodeva, Bulgaria, students and businessmen (16.04.2011)

• To eliminate ghettos – re-accommodation of Roma people in Bulgarian neighborhoods.
• Vocational training, sponsored by the private sector, and consequent employment in the areas of:
o Construction;
o Agriculture;
o Manufacturing industries;
• Eliminate Roma schools and send the Roma children to study in Bulgarian schools;
o Stimulate charity in order to ensure second-hand clothes, books and stationery;
• Rule of law applied to Roma people;
Egidijus Kurapka, Kostas Juras

Egidijus Kurapka, Kostas Juras, Lithuania, students (16.04.2011)

When person is born, his/her parents can choose to give him/her our country nationality and documents. So people should be encouraged to do that.

Some Roma who have ID should form some kind of group that would represent all of Roma people and communicate with government.

Many Roma aren't interested in having documents. Government should inform that if they get their documents, they could have legal houses. Because now government is destroying illegal buildings.

APG - Agency for the youth promotion

APG - Agency for the youth promotion, Italy, Youth Policies (16.04.2011)

Possible solutions for the situation of Roma communities in Italy

1)Screening of Roma’s camps;
2)Identification of the Roma communities in the area;
3)Check of their living conditions so as to verify if basic human rights are respected;
4) Compulsory education for children and youngsters until 18;
5)Continuous control of families through local municipalities’ social services and intervention in case of insufficient or missing parental cares;
6) Creation of specific areas for Roma’s camps providing all the basic services
Koray Bicer & Selim Cinar

Koray Bicer & Selim Cinar, Turkey, Computer Programmers (16.04.2011)

Since Roma people tend to live together as a community they live in suburbs of the cities because of economic reasons. This raises some problems like having no access to basic services. As a solution for this recently a project has been completed and some economic apartment buildings have been built for them and sold them with financial support in turkey. But instead of apartment buildings It would be better to build one storey buildings with small gardens.
Lucia, Ecaterina, Verginia

Lucia, Ecaterina, Verginia, Moldova, lucratori domeniu tineret (16.04.2011)

1. Developing an intercultural education strategy by the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Youth and Sport, Interethnic Relations Department in collaboration with civil society representatives to help knowledge of the culture of various ethnic groups, development of tolerance, diversity and recognition of multiple values;
2. Intercultural education should be focused not just on young people, but on whole populations. Between school needs to improve collaboration - family - community development in the meaning of intercultural dialogue and mutual understanding. (Consultation centers with providing social services)
3. Involving the media for public information in different ethnic culture (making multiple reports, shows about ethnicities of the Republic of Moldova) and the development of intercultural dialogue in Moldovan society.
4. Ensuring the rights of all ethnic groups in Moldova, the reduction of various situations encountered by representatives of ethnic disadvantage. To offer scholarships in the universities specific for roma people.
5. Tolerance Education in the institutions to representatives of other ethnicities, removing prejudices and stereotypes through the knowledge of ethnic culture in Moldova.
6. To create for roma people special districts in the cities
7. Support for social action and community organization that helps ethnic knowledge
Macedonia_Armenia_REACT TC YiA Romania

Macedonia_Armenia_REACT TC YiA Romania, FYR of Macedonia, Citizens Association (16.04.2011)

1. An ethnically mixed group of educated experts should experience first-hand the living conditions in some of the biggest Roma communities to be able to assess the situation and identify key problems.
2. A Roma person working in local administrative institutions or an advisory bureau that will advise on procedures and documents needed to register in the local birth, marriage and death registries, obtaining ID cards and passports.
3. More projects to complement education with training in various crafts to express their creativity and earn their living.
4. Stricter rules to curb and discourage street beggars, especially pregnant women, women with children or unattended underage children. Some solutions should involve Social Services taking away the children from parents who allow their children to beg in highly unsafe conditions at busy city crossroads or highway exits or pay tolls.
5. Improving conditions of social integration and education of children in care centers for children without parents or children from risk groups (poor, uneducated, family violence, parent alcoholic, parents with mental disabilities or illnesses, victims of child abuse).
6. Projects between local-self governments, schools, NGO’s and citizens associations for promoting Roma tradition and culture (Days of Roma Culture presenting traditional dances, music, theater plays, accomplished Roma public figures).
Vega Youth Center

Vega Youth Center, Serbia and Pakistan, NGO (16.04.2011)

1. inclusion in decision making process at gross-root/community level 2. encourage them to organize themselves as community groups and NGOs 3. create awareness about their rights and duties through informal education 4. create awareness among them regarding government actions /programs for their wellfare 5. need to educate mainstream population regarding their attitude towards Roma people

Suteu Daniel

Suteu Daniel, Romania, student / angajat (03.09.2010)

Cea mai buna solutie este angajarea lor in firme (pentru inceput, in societati unde nu au acces la bani sau alte resurse materiale) si educarea lor, cu scopul de a le schimba obiceiul prostesc de a sta si de a comite infractiuni prin care isi castiga existenta.
Totodata pedepsirea celor care nu se supun programelor de educare a lor cu munca in folosul comunitatii.

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